Urban area face ordeals ranging from disease to sexual harassment because of little or no access to toilets ,a large slums population has no access to toilets and lack of adequate sanitation facilities for more than 50 million of people who defecate in open everyday , rural and urban areas facing acute shortage of toilets and clean drinking water . due to lack of sanitation facilities there is rise in girls drop out of school .many children under five years of age are affected by diarrhoea and which caused by lack of sanitation . There is urgent need from philanthropist and government and non-government agencies to must invest in safe drinking water and sanitation facilities . For every $1 spent on sanitation at least $9 is saved in health ,education and economic development ,Tackling the problem of inadequate sanitation not only require building infrastructure but creating awareness of the issue .For holistic development of the society we must invest in safe drinking water and sanitation facilities .
India is home to 638 million people defecating in the open. People have Everything in their Home From TV set to Mobile Phones, But they don’t have Toilet Facilities ! .
About 49.8% of household have no toilet facilities and defecate in the open
World bank study estimated that economic impact of the lack of toilet and sanitation facilities which it pegged at a staggering Rs 24 thousand crore Annually or 6.4 % India’s GDP,this loss is created by deaths especially of children ,the Cost of treating hygiene related illness & loses from reduced productivity .
Open Defecation is an ugly reminder of the country’s poverty and the failure of the Government to provide adequate Safe water & sanitation facilities .